Wow Look at What Toyota Put in the 4Runner

The 2010 Toyota 4Runner fulfills both on-road and off-road power demands with a choice of two engine options. A 2.7L I4 delivers ample power with respectable fuel efficiency, while a beefier 4.0L V6 will help blaze a trail and act more like a fuel camel. Both engines require only 87 octane gas, which helps with today’s unpredictable gas prices.

For those who wish to remain primarily in town, the 2.7L I4 is plentiful and versatile. This engine has a 94.0 mm bore, a 95.0 mm stroke, and a 10.4:1 compression ratio. To handle the 16 valves, it features double overhead cams. The Variable Valve Timing and the multi-port injection system help provide a responsive powertrain which maximizes fuel efficiency. One can expect a 4Runner equipped with the 2.7L I4 to average up to 20 mpg. The maximum horsepower of 157 horsepower is realized at 5200 rpm, while 178 lb-ft of maximum torque occurs at 3800 rpm.

A 4.0L V6 handles the needs of those who wish to venture off the beaten path or tow a boat. The 94.0 mm bore, 95.0 mm stroke, and 10.4:1 compression ratio equate to raw power. At 5600 rpm, this engine delivers 270 horsepower and 278 of lb-ft peak torque is attained at 4400 rpm. And just like the 4-cylinder option, the 4.0L V6 features double overhead cams for powering 24 valves, Variable Valve Timing and a multi-port injection system. Plus, a 4Runner with the 4.0L V6 can reasonably average up to 19 mpg.

Finally, both engines feature direct coil ignition, which dedicates an ignition coil to each spark plug. This allows for greater performance and efficiency. So, whether opting for a 2.7L I4 or 4.0L V6 both engines deliver the reliability and value that Toyota owners come to know over the years.

The 2010 BMW M3 Is The Pinnacle of The BMW "M" Pedigree

The 2010 BMW M3 has become the pinnacle of the BMW “M” pedigree. No longer is the M3 seen as the cheaper and less-able version of the M5 sedan; in fact, the new E92 body style M3 has quickly proven itself to be just as strong and agile as its more expensive cousin. For the first time, the M3 has broken into V8 territory with the normally-aspirated S65-model 4.0L V8, pushing out an enormous 414 horsepower and 295 ft/lbs of torque. This award-winning engine is based on the very popular and time-tested S85 engine found in the latest M5 and M6 models. Those with a lead foot on the road will find that the speed is easy to control with the high-revving 8500 RPM redline; with peak horsepower found at a “Formula One-esque” 8300 RPM, that 414 horsepower is not on tap all at once. However, peak torque is found at a rather low 3900 RPM, meaning that you have a significant amount of passing ability on the highway from any gear right when you need it. For those who decide to take their M3s out on the track, pushing the car right to its limit will bring you from 0-60 mph in 4.6 seconds. 414 horsepower is certainly nothing to scoff at.

This 4.0L V8 is a significant revision from the previous E46 body style M3 (2001-2006), which came standard with the 333 horsepower S54 engine. The E46 M3 was also normally-aspirated and featured a high-revving design, which became standard in the M3 lineup starting in 2001.

The engine options in the 2010 BMW M3 certainly do uphold the tradition of excellence laid out by the 24 year old BMW M3 line. Future versions of the M3 will undoubtedly come with engines that will even further push the envelope.

Water or Coolant Mixed With the Transmission Fluid: Is the Gearbox Ruined?

A silent killer of automatic transmissions or gearboxes is water or coolant mixing with automatic transmission fluid (ATF). This problem used to be seen in older vehicles with neglected engine cooling systems, but is becoming common in later model cars and trucks that have followed their maintenance schedules. The result is always the same: the transmission must be completely overhauled or replaced.

Can the Contaminated Fluid be Cleaned Out Before Damage Occurs?

Just about every automatic transmission on the road today uses cellulose based paper lined plates called clutches or frictions. These clutches act like brakes for moving and stopping different components inside the gearbox. When the shifter is placed into drive or reverse, it’s the frictions that are being applied.

The paper that lines the clutch plates is a very delicate material that is glued to a steel backbone. Before the paper is glued to the plate, it has the strength and consistency of a graham cracker. Once the material is bonded, it becomes much stronger and can last a very long time under normal operating conditions.

The clutch material is Hygroscopic. This means when the clutches are exposed to moisture, the paper material will displace ATF for water. That moisture reaches the steel plates causing rust, and breaks down the glue that bonds the paper to the plate. A study done by International Lubricants Inc about the effects of water exposed to automatic transmission clutches states, “The testing indicated that water added at levels as low as 600 mg/kg migrated to the surface of untreated paper frictionals and contributed to loss of the paper coating and erratic torque transfer properties.” In laymen’s terms, that means less than a tablespoon of water or engine coolant in a transmission can cause a failure.

How Did Water Get There?

There are three ways water can enter a transmission:

  1. Through the engine’s radiator. From the 1950’s to now, most automatic gearboxes are cooled with the same water based system that keeps the engine from overheating. There’s a separate tank in the radiator for transmission fluid that allows the coolant to take heat away from the ATF without mixing the two liquids. When a leak occurs between the ATF and engine coolant tanks in the radiator, the fluids will mix with each other. It was more common in older vehicles that had eroded cooling systems due to neglect, but some of today’s newer vehicles are using materials that are failing because of pressure problems in the cooling system.
  2. Exposure to deep water. Driving through large puddles during rain storms or off road driving can expose the transmission’s breathing system to moisture. The best chance of preventing a failure is to check for water in the ATF after a vehicle has been in this type of scenario.
  3. Moisture entering through the dipstick. Most vehicles have a dipstick where ATF is checked and added. Moisture can easily enter the transmission if the dipstick was sprayed with water during an engine cleaning, or in some cases, water draining from rain or a carwash drips onto the dipstick. GM and Chrysler have bulletins pertaining to this problem on some models of their vehicles. Qualified shops will have access to check for these types of bulletins. A tell tale sign of this problem is moisture or rust around the dipstick tube.

Replace or Rebuild?

It depends on how much water mixed with the transmission fluid, how long the vehicle was driven with the contaminated ATF, and the type of gearbox your vehicle has. Metal and electronic parts inside the transmission will quickly corrode when exposed to moisture. If there is too much damage inside of the gearbox, the cost of the parts to rebuild the trans will exceed the cost of replacing the unit with a remanufactured product. Some manufacturers like Nissan and Chevy have computers inside of the gearbox that will fail when exposed to moisture. These computers or mechtronics cost as much as $2,000 and that does not include rebuilding the rest of the unit. When parts cost that much, it’s often a better decision to replace the gearbox entirely.

To sum things up, if water gets in a transmission, there’s no way to get around an expensive repair. Flushing the fluid out will only cost you extra money and can make the inevitable failure happen sooner. Service the engine’s cooling system regularly and ask a professional transmission mechanic if your car is common for this type of failure. If it is, bypass the radiator with an external oil cooler.

Ford Explorer Sport Trac: Cargo and Environment-Friendly

Made available in eight trim levels that ranges from the XLT 4.0 L 4×2 to the Limited 4.6 L 4×4, the Ford Explorer Sport Trac is one vehicle that has caught the attention of many Ford enthusiasts. This sport utility vehicle holds four doors and has the capacity to take in a maximum of five passengers in its comfortable cabin. The newest of this model has been the redesigned version for 2007.

The Ford Explorer Sport Trac is very functional. It can be used to load and transport cargo. Factor, this Ford sport utility vehicle is the first in the industry to offer composite cargo bed to be made up of a tough, corrosion-proof and dent resistant sheet molded material. The back seat of this vehicle is split 60/40. Both of the seat backs could be actually folded flat so much so that there would be greater space for carrying and transporting cargo. The power of this vehicle is due to the standard 4.0 liter SOHC V6 engine. This engine is clean enough that it made the Ford Explorer Sport Trac an EPA-certified low emissions vehicle. This engine has the capacity and capability to produce some 205 units of horsepower at 5,250 rpm and some 242 pound feet of torque at 3,000 rpm.

The Ford Explorer Sport Trac holds a good power plus a fine response. It has the maximum towing capacity of 5,300 pounds. It has an averaged 15 to 16 mpg. It is reasonably balance. The Ford Explorer Sport Trac also boasts of a lean yet nimble body. Space is something that this sport utility vehicle can be generous of. It is seen in its cabin as well as in each individual seat. This vehicle comes available with a collection of colors made available for its exterior. The choices include dark blue, bright red, red fire, pueblo gold, silver birch, dark stone, black, and oxford white.

Features for this vehicle include two-tone cloth bucket seats with map pockets, 2-way adjustable head restraints, an 8-way power driver's seat including power lumbar and Adrenalin (TM) nomenclature, manual air conditioning, rear climate controls, premium AM / FM stereo with single CD, clock, four speakers, a speedometer, a tachometer, fuel and oil pressure gauges, a coolant temperature gauge, cargo area lights, a color-keyed tilt steering wheel wrapped in leather, a front speed-sensitive intermittent windshield wipers, a day / night rearview mirror, an overhead console with outside temperature and compass, floor mats, a rubberized textured black flooring, an autolock / relock system, a remote keyless entry system, fog lamps, skid plates, a privacy glass in rear door windows, a solar-tinted windshield and front door windows, power windows, and a power moonroof among many others.

Differentiation Strategies for Franchise Companies

With the growing number of franchise offerings recently it is difficult for the smallest franchise companies to compete. They generally do not have the advertising budgets to pick and choose which markets the franchise prospects will be calling from. Many rely solely on Internet Marketing; unfortunately 80% of such leads are not so good. On top of this obstacle they must compete with sales departments of larger franchise companies, which have lots of experience.

For smaller franchisors it is imperative that they are able to differentiate between other franchisors in their price category and sub industry sectors. Below is a listing of my franchise company’s differences between other franchises. I recommend that you read this and think about your business and see if it gives you ideas of how you can differentiate your company from your next nearest competitors. Read each item and have a legal pad in hand, write down those items, which apply if any and any ideas that you think of as you read them. Remember while reading this that our business model, a mobile care wash franchise, will differ from your business so you will end up with much different items when completed. This exercise will assist you in brainstorming and thinking of ways you can distance yourself from the larger and more aggressive sales tactics of larger companies.

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We are the only Franchise which:

Requires no inventory and/or purchases from franchisor on an on-going basis

Provides you with customers when you start without charging you a percentage fee.

Has a flat rate royalty and no percentage of gross sales

Has no competition that is organized at the unit level franchise

Requires no location in the car wash industry

Franchises mobile car wash trucks

Has a founder running day to day operations who has run one of these units for twenty years

Allows you to put an unlimited number of units in your exclusive territory without paying more in up front franchise fees

Has a written policy of helping non-profit groups at the franchise level

Pays your family a $10,000 cash death benefit and helps them run your franchise until next of kin is trained. We do not terminate your franchise if you die.

In the past two years is not a copy of an existing franchise system

Has a mobile headquarters that travels from franchise area to franchise area

At a franchisor level has given twenty percent of our total earnings to charities

Has a founder who wrote his own hundred and ninety page legal disclosure documents and had it registered in three working days

Has a founder who is on the board of directors of the American Association of Franchisees and Dealers, a franchisee’s rights group

Has a founder who co-authored a book about franchising during his first year as a franchisor; “Franchising 101”

Has a founder who owns one hundred percent of his company and works seventeen hours a day.

Has a written policy about drunk driving and a termination clause for it

Is experimenting with a one hundred percent electric service vehicle in the automotive industry

Provides entire turn-key units in case of emergency for franchisees

Has a great business name that has been around for twenty years before we franchised

Maintains fully functional special event fundraiser trailers in every major metropolitan area where we franchise

Is experimenting with a air cushioned powered mobile service vehicles

Employees the Bonzai and Blitz marketing methods to new and existing franchises

Provides new franchisees with a comprehensive data base of possible customers in there exclusive territory as well as an aerial view photo and complete storyboard and marketing map

That makes you give up “Your right to fail” upon signing of the franchise agreement

Wrote a book on “Community Fundraising”

Has Founder who personally wrote the Franchise Operations Manuals from actual experience

Lists all possible competitors in a data base before you start your franchise

Gets your business license, fictitious business name statement, pays your initial liability insurance payment and your initial health care insurance payment

Will prepare a business plan for you so that you may apply for an SBA loan. We are 7-A eligible in the SBA program